Hybrid and all-electric vehicles are becoming more common on the roads. If you are in the market for a new car, one of these alternative vehicles may be a good choice.
Our team here at Twin Hills Ford Lincoln can help you decide what type of vehicle is right for you. We can help you discover the benefits of each engine type and select a model that gives you what you want.
A hybrid is a vehicle that has a combustion engine as well as an electric motor powered by a battery. There are several different types of hybrids. The difference between them is based on how the engine and motor are used.
Micro or auto start/stop hybrids are the most similar to a combustion engine vehicle. The engine provides the main power source.
The battery and electric motor are minimally used. Their main function is to turn the engine off when the vehicle comes to a complete stop and to turn it back on when the accelerator is pressed.
This is the least expensive type of hybrid.
A step up from the micro hybrid is the mild hybrid. The motor and engine turn on and off the engine, as well as give it a boost of power.
This style of hybrid will get better gas mileage than a micro one.
A full hybrid is the most iconic of the hybrid types. It has gained popularity and is available as SUVs, sedans, trucks, and more.
With a full hybrid, both the combustion engine and the electric motor can power the vehicle on their own, or they can work together. The batteries in a full hybrid are much larger than the batteries in a micro or mild, which allows a full hybrid to travel at a low speed without using the engine.
Plug-in hybrids have larger batteries than other hybrid types, allowing them to drive on battery power alone for further distances.
All hybrids can charge their batteries through regenerative braking. Plug-in hybrids can also charge from an external power source.
Parallel hybrids are the most common type of hybrid vehicle. The power from the engine and motor is sent to the wheels through mechanical coupling.
Plug-in hybrids are the most common type of series hybrids. This means power to the vehicle’s wheels comes only from the electric motor.
A series hybrid has a generator that uses power from the combustion engine to charge the battery back.
The batteries in a series hybrid are larger than the batteries in a parallel hybrid.
The technology for all-electric vehicles is still being worked out, which means there are fewer options on the market. Unlike hybrids, all-electric vehicles do not have a combustion engine.
They have the largest batteries of all the electric vehicle types.
Although all-electric vehicles have a shorter driving range than a conventional vehicle, they are still able to go an impressive distance before needing to be recharged.
How Regenerative Braking Works
All types of hybrid and all-electric vehicles are able to use regenerative braking. This unique braking system slows the vehicle down while simultaneously recharging the battery.
As the brake pedal is pushed, the energy released from the wheels turns the electric motor and sends it back into the battery. Since regenerative braking captures the energy released, it provides the vehicle with a much longer brake life.
Pros and Cons of Electric Vehicles
While hybrids and all-electric vehicles are becoming more available, not everyone is sold on them. Deciding whether an electric vehicle is right for you depends on how much weight you give to the pros and cons.
There are many pros to driving a hybrid or all-electric vehicle, including:
Fuel Efficiency: A hybrid of any type gets better fuel efficiency than its conventional counterpart. The greater the fuel efficiency is, the more money you save on gas.
Less Maintenance: The brake system and batteries in a hybrid are different than in a gas or diesel engine. The hybrid’s systems receive less wear and require less replacement.
Less Pollution: With less or no fossil fuels used, electric vehicles emit little or no emissions. The pollutants in emissions include particulate matter, volatile organic compounds, and greenhouse gases. Emissions from burning fossil fuels are unhealthy for humans and animals.
Looking at electric vehicles from a different perspective shows that there are some things that are less appealing about them. The cons of electric vehicles are:
Higher Price Tag: The more electric a vehicle is, the more it will cost to buy.
More Expensive Maintenance: Although maintenance is not needed as often, when it occurs, it can be more expensive than regular maintenance on a conventional vehicle.
Not as Powerful: All-electric vehicles do have limits on their drive range. If they are hauling or towing, their range decreases.
Is an Electric Vehicle For You?
Whether you are sold on buying an electric vehicle and are just deciding what kind you want, or if you are still skeptical, let us know. Here at Twin Hills Ford Lincoln, we want to help you decide. Give us a call or stop on by to test drive one.